Warning About Acne Treatment

It is important to note that patients who use acne medications must be aware of possible side effects and interactions with other drugs and herbal medicines.

Topical retinoids and benzoyl peroxide can make the skin red, dry, and sensitive to sunlight.

Oral antibiotics can cause sun sensitivity and stomach disorders.

Benzoyl peroxide can inhibit the effects of some topical retinoids, so never apply it at the same time.

Taking oral antibiotics for more than a few weeks can make a woman susceptible to yeast infections.

Some over-the-counter acne products can cause rare but serious allergic reactions or severe irritation. Look for emergency medical help if you have symptoms such as shortness of the throat, difficulty breathing, fainting, or swelling of the face or tongue. Also stop using the product if you experience itching or itching. Symptoms can appear from a few minutes to a day or longer after use.

Prescription Treatment for Acne

Antibiotics

Antibiotics work by cleansing the skin of acne-causing bacteria and reducing inflammation.
Antibiotics can be used on the skin (topically) or taken orally (systemically). There are several topical products available in creams, gels, solutions, sanitary napkins, foams, and lotions. Topical antibiotics are limited in their ability to penetrate the skin and clear deeper acne, while systemic antibiotics circulate throughout the body and enter the sebaceous glands. However, systemic antibiotics often cause more side effects than topical, but they can be used for more severe types of acne. Usually, topical antibiotics are not self-recommended as an acne treatment, because they can increase the risk of antibiotic resistance in skin bacteria. However, using benzoyl peroxide with topical antibiotics can reduce the possibility of developing antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotics do not address other causes of acne and may take weeks or months to clean. Antibiotics are often used in combination with other drugs that “clog” the follicles. Many oral antibiotics for acne should not be used during pregnancy.

Clindamycin and topical erythromycin are antibiotics which are also anti-inflammatory drugs and are effective against a number of bacteria. They must always be combined with benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids and applied directly to the skin. Oral erythromycin is also available, but you may become resistant to its effects, limiting its usefulness.

Other commonly used oral anti-inflammatory antibiotics are doxycycline, minocycline, and tetracycline, all of which are quite effective in many cases of acne.

Retinoids or vitamin A derivatives

This drug is available as a topical or oral medication. Topical retinoids clear moderate to severe acne by influencing the way the skin grows and decays. Retinoids can be used in combination with other acne products, such as benzoyl peroxide and oral antibiotics. Topical retinoids do not have severe side effects of oral retinoids; Retinoids are not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women. Side effects of topical retinoids include redness, dryness, and itchy skin.

For severe cystic acne, isotretinoin is the most effective therapy. This drug is the only medication that intervenes in all causes of acne.
Talk to your doctor about the potential risks of this drug. Even often it can eliminate severe acne that has not responded to other treatments. However, these products can have side effects. This can cause severe birth defects and must NEVER be taken by a woman who is pregnant or who does not use contraception. In addition, it should not be taken by women who are breastfeeding. Some studies show its use has been associated with an increased risk of depression, suicide and inflammatory bowel disease.

Other side effects are dry skin and lips, muscle and joint pain, headaches, increased levels of triglycerides (a type of cholesterol), and, rarely, temporary hair loss. For most people who use this drug, side effects can be tolerated and not a reason to stop therapy before the zits disappear.

Azelaic acid.

Another topical is azelaic acid, which comes in a gel or cream and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. This is more commonly used for other types of conditions called rosacea, but may help mild acne.

Dapsson. Dapsone is an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory topical gel.

Oral contraception. Birth control pills contain female hormones that work by counteracting the effects of male hormones (such as testosterone) on zits. Its use is limited to female patients. The maximum benefit of oral contraception in zits occurs in three to four months. Side effects include nausea, weight gain, spots, breast pain, and blood clots.

Spironolactone. Spironolactone is an oral drug that can block the action of body hormones in the skin’s oil glands. This drug is not FDA approved for acne, but is very helpful for women who have acne that worsens around the time of menstruation and menopause.

Another common remedy that your doctor may try is triamcinolone, a type of corticosteroid solution that is injected directly into acne nodules.

About Acne Treatments

Treatment for Acne

Indeed, to cover pimpled skin occasionally can be hidden. using creams and cosmetics that are sold freely must be water based. Sometimes if an acne outbreak cannot be eliminated, conventional care can provide help.

The best treatment inhibits sebum production, limits bacterial growth, or encourages the release of skin cells to open the pores. Because many therapies can have side effects, every patient with acne must proceed with caution when trying new treatments. People with all types of zits that reduce their self-esteem or make them unhappy, those with acne leave scars or people with severe and persistent acne cases, needing a dermatologist’s care.

Non-Prescription Treatment for Acne

Here are some ways and ingredients commonly used in treating acne without a doctor’s prescription.

Soap and water.
Perform gentle facial cleansing using soap and water. Do this no more than twice a day because aggressive scrubbing can hurt the skin and cause other skin problems.

Cleanser.
There are lots of cleaning fluids and soaps advertised to treat acne. Generally it contains benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, or sulfur.

Benzoyl peroxide.
For mild acne problems, you can try, or your doctor can recommend, treatment with prescription drugs containing benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide can work by destroying bacteria associated with acne. It usually takes at least four weeks to work and must be used continuously to prevent zits. Like many over-the-counter and prescription products, it doesn’t affect sebum production or the way the skin follicle cells are released, and when you stop using it, the pimples will come back again. Preparations or formulas Benzoyl peroxide is available in various forms, namely: creams, lotions, liquids, foams, cleansing pads and gels. One thing to know is that Benzoyl peroxide can cause dry skin and can whiten the fabric, so be careful when applying it. Consider wearing an old shirt to bed if you apply it on your back or chest overnight.

Salicylic acid.
On the skin, salicylic acid helps repair abnormal cells. For lighter zits, salicylic acid helps open the pores to treat and prevent lesions. This has no effect on sebum production and does not kill bacteria. This should be used continuously, like benzoyl peroxide, because the effect stops when you stop using it – clogged pores again and zits back. Salicylic acid preparations are available in many acne products, including lotions, creams and gels.

Sulfur.
In combination with other substances such as alcohol and salicylic acid, sulfur is a component of many over-the-counter acne medications.
It is not clear how sulfur works, but has little benefit in most cases. Usually not used by itself because of the unpleasant smell.

Topical retinol gel.
Retinol functions to prevent acne. Retinol must be used continuously and it may take 8-12 weeks to get results. This affects cell growth, causing increased cell turnover to unblock the pores. Your acne may look worse before it gets better because it will work on pimples that have started to form under your skin. Retinol was only available in prescription strength. Differin Gel is the only topical retinoid approved as a pimple-free treatment.

Alcohol and acetone.
Alcohol is a mild anti-bacterial agent, and acetone can remove oil from the surface of the skin. These substances are combined in several over-the-counter acne medications. These agents dry out the skin, have little or no effect on acne, and are generally not recommended by a dermatologist.

Herbal, organic and “natural” medicines.
There are many herbal, organic and natural products that are marketed to treat or prevent zits. The effectiveness of these agents is not proven and they cannot get many benefits.

Note: When pimples filled with pus are ready to break, apply a hot towel for several minutes to encourage the natural blasting process. Inflamed acne must be opened only by nurses or doctors using surgical instruments and following antiseptic practices. Squeezing pimples can cause further skin inflammation and possibly permanent scars.